Proper cultivation of the soil
Proper cultivation of the soil is one of the important issues in the agricultural system. Cultivation is a process aimed at planned change of the water, air, heat and feeding regimes of the soil and creating the best conditions for cultivated plants.
Plants grow better in soils that are provided with the necessary nutrients, water and air.
In order to use planting fields efficiently and get high yields, it is necessary to firstly pay attention to soil cultivation methods.
When certain defects are observed in the implementation of any measure or the work is carried out with poor quality, decrease in productivity and income from the field as a whole results in increase in the prime cost.
Cultivation works must be carried out in accordance with a plan properly prepared in advance, taking into account the soil and climatic conditions of each region, the biological characteristics of the plants to be planted and other indicators.
Proper and timely cultivation creates the best conditions for the life of microorganisms in the soil. In relation to this, the process of decomposition of plant remains and humus in the soil intensifies. As a result of decomposition of plant remains and humus, the nutrients in them gradually turn into mineral compounds and are easily absorbed by plants.
Good cultivation of soil makes it easier for the root system of cultivated plants to work in the soil. It increases water retention and water permeability properties of soil.
Separate cultivation methods that are related to each other allow to increase soil fertility in the existing soil-climatic conditions when implemented in a complex manner, within a prescribed period and consistently.